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Important persons involved in the Babbar Akali Movement
Posted By : Sita Ram Bansal

Important persons involved in the Babbar Akali Movement

1.            Amar Singh s/o Ishar Singh, V. Mandhiani (Hoshiarpur). He was born in the year 1881. He took part in the Jadla dacoity and was deeply interested in the Babbar Akali Movement. He was one of the accused in the Babbar conspiracy case, but could never be arrested.

2.            Ajaib Singh, V. Dakha (Ludhiana). A fugitive from Kapurthala army, he participated in the murder of Karam Singh of Mannanhana on March 25, 1940.

3.            Arjan Singh s/o Uttam Singh, V. Simbli (Hoshiarpur).

He was born in 1876. He was interned during the Babbar Akali movement.

7.            Arjan Singh 'Sach', V. Kharaudi (Hoshiarpur). He took part in the Akali Movement, but was a keen sympathiser of the Babbar Akalis as well. He underwent imprisonment for three years for the offence of holding a conference, in the memory of the Babbars in his village in 1928. He also contributed poems to the vernacular newspapers.

8.            Arjan Singh s/o Sher Singh, V. Sundh (Jalandhar).

He was arrested on May 11, 1922 and was sentenced to five years in the Babbar Akali Conspiracy case.

9.           Atma Singh s/o Maya Singh (1902-57), V. Bika (Jalandhar). He was one of the important members of the Babbar Akali Jatha He was arrested on April 22, 1923 and was awarded life imprisonment in the Babbar Akali Conspiracy case.

10.       Atma Singh s/o Sham Singh, V. Khusropur (Jalandhar). He helped the Babbar Akalis with the arms and ammunitions. He was arrested for his participation in the Babbar Akali movement. He was tried and was acquitted.

11.       Avtar Singh s/o Khem Singh, V. Bakarpur (Hoshiarpur). He was imprisoned for 4 months during the Babbar Akali movement.

12.       Bachan Singh, V. Loha Khera (Sangrur). He was sent to the gallows for his complicity in the murder of Mr. S.G.M. Beaty in 1940.

13.       Bachint Singh, V. Dhandoli (Kapurthala). He alongwith Ajaib Singh of Dakha, murdered Karam Singh of Mannanhana on March 25, 1940.

14.       Bachint Singh s/o Udham Singh, V. Dumunda (Jalandhar). He was born in 1899. He was tried in the Babbar Akali Conspiracy case, supplementary II and was sentenced to 14 years of imprisonment on Feb. 28, 1926.

15.       Bakhshish Singh (1905) s/o Prem Singh, V. Pindori Nijjaran (Jalandhar). He took part in the Babbar Akali movement and was sentenced to 5 years term.

16.       Bakshish Singh, V. Chabbewal (Hoshiarpur). He was implicated in the murder of Bela Singh Zian on Dec. 8, 1933 but was acquitted.


17.       Balwant Singh 'Dukhia' (1899), V. Bains (Jalandhar).

He took part in the Babbar Akali Movement and worked under the name of London Tor Singh. He was sentenced to 3 years' imprisonment, because he celebrated 'the Babbar Day' in 1928 in Kharaudi.

18.        Banta Singh (1896) slo Pal Singh, V. Daulatpur (Jalandhar). He was a cousin of S. Karam Singh. He was sentenced to 7 years for his participation in the Babbar Akali Movement.

19.        Banta Singh slo Khem Singh, V. Pragpur (Jalandhar). He took part in the Babbar Akali Movement, and was sentenced to 7 years' term of imprisonment.

20.        Banta Singh slo Jaimal Singh, V. Behbalpur (Hoshiarpur). He served Platoon No. 22. He was arrested on Sep. 19, 1923 and was sentenced to 5 years' imprisonment.

21.        Banta Singh (1896) slo Waryam Singh V. Kandhola (Jalandhar). The Babbar Akalis took refuge with him. He was interned for 3 years in his village during the Babbar Akali Movement.

22.        Banta Singh (1900) slo Waryam Singh, V. Chabbewal (Hoshiarpur). He took part in the Guru Ka Bag Morcha After the Morcha, he participated in the Babbar Akali Movement.

23.        Banta Singh, V. Gill (Ludhiana). He was arrested and tried in the Babbar conspiracy case, Supplementary II, but was acquitted.

24.        Banta Singh (1900), V. Dhamina (Hoshiarpur). He served Platoon No. 55, became fugitive and emerged as an important member of the Babbar Jatha He could run as fast as a steed. The-folk-song-'Banta Singh Babbar Dhamian Da, Lak Ban Ke Nadi Tar Jave' speaks volumes of his courage and determination. He met his heroic end at Munder ( near admpur district Jalandhar), in an encounter with the police on Dec. 12, 1923.

25.         Banta Singh, V. Gurusar (Amritsar) . He was one of the prime accused in the Babbar conspiracy case, Supplementary II and was executed on Feb. 12, 1927.

26.          Banta Singh s/o Isher Singh, V. Alowal (Amritsar). He was sentenced to life in the Babbar conspiracy case, Supplementary II. He was transported to Andaman ­Nicobar, Islands and died there during imprisonment.

27.          Basant Singh s/o Buta Singh, V. Randhawa Masandan. He took part in the Babbar Akali Movement. He was tried in the Babbar conspiracy case but was acquitted.

28.          Banta Singh s/o Dewa Singh, V. Ganeshpur Bharta (Hoshiarpur). He supplied arms and ammunitions to the Babbar Akalis when he served Platoon No. 35. He was tried in the Babbar conspiracy case but was acquitted.

29.          Bawa Singh (1896) s/o Bhulla Singh, V. Kaulgarh (Hoshiarpur). He took part in the Babbar Akali Movement. He was arrested on May 22, 1923. He was tried in the Babbar conspiracy case and was acquitted.

30.          Beant Singh s/o Chanda Singh Zaildar, V. Nangal Kalan (Hoshiarpur). He helped the Babbar Akalis with the arms and ammunitions. He was arrested during the Babbar Akali Movement but was acquitted.

31.          Bela Singh (March 8, 1880) s/o Fateh Singh, V. Bopa Rai (Kapurthala). He was imprisoned for 3 years and one month during the Babba Akali Movement.

32.          Bhagat Singh, V. Haripur (Jalandhar). He was editor of the 'Desh-Sewak'. He criticized the judgment in 9 cases of the Babbar Akalis and was sentenced to jail term of 6 months on the charge of the contempt of court.

33.          Bhagat Singh (1896) s/o Magha Singh, V. Saidpur (Kapurthala). He remained underground for five years during the Babbar Akali Movement.

35.          Bhagat Singh (1899) s/o Maiya Singh, V. Raipur Phorala (Jalandhar). He was sentenced to 5 years jail term on June 12, 1924 during the Babbar Akali Movement.

36.          Bhagwan Singh (1886 s/o Dula Singh, V. Fatehpur Kothi (Hoshiarpur). He was sentenced to 7 years in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case. He helped the Babbar Akalis in cyclo-styling the Babbar Akali Doaba

37.          Bhagwan Singh (1877) s/o Khem Singh, V. Kukar Mazara (Hoshiarpur). He was sentenced to 8 months during the Babbar Akali Movement.

38.          Bhan Singh s/o Jawhar Singh, V. Mangat (Jalandhar). He was sentenced to 5 years for his participation in the abortive attempt to murder the. Jholichuks (toady, sycophant) of Pindori Nijjaran during the Babbar Akali Movement.

39.         Bhan Singh, V. Randhawa Masandan (Jalandhar).

He was an accused in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case, Supplementary II. He was sentenced to life but was acquitted by the High Court. He was, however, sent to the scaffold on May 16, 1931, in another case.

39.         Bishan Singh (May 15, 1885) s/o Isher Singh, V.

Mangat, (Jalandhar). He joined the Babbar Akalis on September 26, 1922. He fell a martyr at Babeli ( tehsil Phagwara, then Kapurthala state) on Sep. 1, 1923.

40 .. Bishan Singh (1899) s/o Mela Singh, V. Sangowal (Jalandhar). He was a close associate of S. Kishan Singh. He was imprisoned for one year in 1922, under section 216.

41.          Bhola Singh (1901) s/o Kirpa Singh, V. Adhkare Kathe, (Hoshiarpur). He was sentenced to life on February 28, 1925 during the Babbar Akali Movement. He came out of jail on July 1, 1938.

42.          Bhola Singh, V. Dhamian (Hoshiarpur). He was sentenced to life during the Babbar Akali case, Supplementary II. He was the elder brother of Banta Singh, hero of Munder episode.

43.          Bhola s/o Prem Singh, V. Loha Khera, (Sangrur). He took part in the murder of Mr. S.G.M Beaty at Chatha Sekhwan. He was arrested, tried and acquitted.

44.        Bhulla Singh s/o Basant Singh, V. Kot Fatuhi, (Hoshiarpur). He was a staunch Akali who took part in the Guru Ka Bagh Morcha as well as the Babbar Akali Movement. He was arrested, tried for 3 years and was, finally, acquitted.

45.        Buta Singh (1898) s/o Thakur Singh, V. Pindori Nijjaran. He was one of the closest associates of Jathedar Kishan Singh Gargaj. He took part in the Guru Ka Bagh Morcha as well as the Babbar Akali Movement. He was arrested on August 14, 1923 from Chak No. 11, Dichkot Manko ( now in Pakistan). He was sentenced to life term in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case on February 21, 1925.

46.        Chanchal Singh (1904) s/o S. Waryam Singh, V.

Sangatpur Kalal (Kapurthala). He was involved in the second bid to murder the Chaukidars and Lambardars of Pindori Nijjaran and was sentenced to 5 years imprisonment as an accused in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case.

47.        Chanda Singh (1876) s/o Hari Singh, V. Plahi (Kapurthala). He was tried in the Babbar Conspiracy case but was acquitted on February 28, 1925.

48.        ChajjaSingh (1887) s/o Mihan Singh, V. Massanian (Jalandhar). He served in the Platoon No. 29 but resigned during the Gurdwara Reform Movement. He took part in the Guru Ka Bagh Morcha. He was arrested on April 28, 1923 for his participation in the Babbar Akali Movement and was sentenced to a term of 6 years.

49.        Chhajja Singh (1891) s/o Ishar Singh, V. Chanthu (Hoshiarpur). He also left military service during the Babbar Akali Movement. He was arrested on November 5, 1923 and was sentenced to 14 years of imprisonment.

50.        Chhajja Singh, V. Khaira Majha (Kapurthala). He was an accused in the Babbar Akali case, Supplementary II, but was acquitted. During the early forties, he joined the 'Yug Paltau Dal' of S. Harbans Singh Sirhala and fell a martyr to the Babbar cause.

51.        Chattar Singh s/o Bhup Singh, V. Kandola (Jalandhar). He joined Platoon No. 19 of Indian army and left it, after the Jallianwala bagh massacre. He took part in the Babbar Akali movement and was arrested. He died, during the trial, on Dec. 21, 1923.

52.        Charan Singh nee Faqir Singh s/o Khushal Singh, V.

Jassowal (Hoshiarpur). The second meeting of the Babbar Akalis took place in his Kutiya on Dec. 30-31, 1922. The Babbar Akali Doaba was also cyclostyled in his Kutiya. He was arrested in the Babbar Akali movement on May 16, 1923 for his involvement and was tried and sentenced to 4 years of imprisonment.

53.        Dalel Singh s/o Devi,V. Mannanhana (Hoshiarpur).

He was arrested on April 22, 1923 for his participation in the Babbar Akali Movement and was tried but was acquitted on Feb. 28, 1925.

54.        Dalip Singh (1896) s/o Achhar Singh, V. Gosal (Jalandhar). He was secretary at the Babbar Akali Jatha from its inception till January 5, 1923 when he was arrested. He was tried in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case and was sentenced to life term. After his release, he remained the staunchest supporter of the Akali Dal till his last breath.

55.        Dalip Singh s/o Dit Singh, V. Sadhara (Hoshiarpur).

He was the Jathedar of Nirvair Sewak Sahidi Jatha Doaba, considered to be the nucleus of the Babar activities in Balachaur-Garhshankar ( district Hoshiarpur) area. He was arrested on Sep. 2, 1923 and tried as an accused in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case. He was acquitted on Feb. 28, 1925.

56.        Dalip Singh (1904) s/o Ishar Singh, V. Dhamian (Hoshiarpur). He was sentenced to life in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case. He died in the jail during his imprisonment.

57.          Dalip Singh (1908) s/o Labh Singh, V. Dhamian (Hoshiarpur). He took part in all the major actions of the Babbar Akalis against the toadies such as the murders of Buta of Nangal Shamman, Labh Singh of Garshankar, Ata Mohammed Patwari and attack on Bishan Singh Sandhara He was arrested on October 12, 1923 and was tried in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case. He was sent to the scaffold on February 27,1922.

58.          Dalip Singh s/o Kirpa Singh, V. Dalautpur (Jalandhar). He gave shelter to the Babbar Akalis and suffered 8 months' rigorous imprisonment for this offence.

59.          Dalip Singh, s/o Dasaunda Singh, V. Manak (Kapurthala). He took part in the Babbar Akali Movement. After the Babeli carnage, Dhanna Singh of Behbalpur and Dalipa of Dhamian took refuge with him. He was involved in the second attempt to murder the toadies of Pindori Nijjaran. He was arrested on October 4, 1923, tried in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case and was sentenced to 5 years' of imprisonment.

60.          Dalip Singh  ( 12.12.1897) s/o Chanda Singh, V.

Moranwali, (Hoshiarpur). He took part in the Babbar Akali Movement. He remained editor of the Desh ­Sewak and was imprisoned for 2 1/2 months.

61.          Darbara Singh s/o Mangal Singh, V. Plahi (Kapurthala). He was arrested during the Babbar Akali Movement. He was acquitted on Feb. 28, 1925.

62.          Diwan Singh (1889) s/o Hira Singh, V. Alowal (Amritsar). He was arrested and tried in the Babbar conspiracy case, supplementary II for 2 1/2 years but was acquitted on February 28, 1926.

63.          Diwan Singh s/o Jawahar Singh, V. Haripur (Jalandhar). He was kept under the Judicial lock-up for 3 months u/s 216 in 1922 in connection with the Babbar Akali Movement.

64.          Diwan Singh (Feb. 25, 1886) s/o Ram Ditta, V.

Bahowal (Hoshiarpur). He was detained for 11 1/2 years in the Babbar Aka1i case. He was involved in the Kiratpur murder case 1, 1940.

65.        Dharma Singh (1881) s/o Inder Singh, V. Behbalpur (Hoshiarpur). He was arrested on October 25, 1923 at Mannanhana (district Hoshiarpur) . He exploded a hand-grenade and was blown to pieces. About 9 policemen and officers were either killed or seriously wounded in this episode. Mr. A. F. Horton, Superintendent Police, Hoshiarpur was also one of the victims.

66.        Dhanna Singh, V. Khaira Majjha (Kapurthala). He died during trial in the Babbar Conspiracy case, Supplementary II.

67.        Dhanna Singh s/o Nihal Singh, V. Sandhara (Hoshiarpur). He was one of the accused in the Babbar conspiracy case of 1925 but was acquitted.

68.        Dharam Singh s/o Bela Singh, V. Plahi ( tehsil Phagwara, Kapurthala). He took part in the second attempt to murder the Lambardars and Chaukidars of Pindori and was sentenced to 5 years in the Babbar Conspiracy case on Feb. 28, 1925.

69.        Dharam Singh (1876) s/o Sobha Singh, V. Hayatpur (Hoshiarpur). He was involved in the murder of Diwan of Hayatpur. He was arrested on July 6, 1923 and was sent to the scaffold on Feb. 27, 1926.

70.        Duman Singh s/o Munshi Singh V. Pindori Mahtman (Hoshiarpur). He was an ex-soldier, who was sent on a pension of Rs.10 p.m., on March 3, 1920. He took part in the second abortive bid to kill Labh Singh of Dhadda He was arrested and tried in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case. He was sentenced to 7 years' imprisonment.

71.        Ganga Singh s/o Hira Singh, V. Lihal (Gurdaspur). He was Naik in Regiment No.52, posted at Jalandhar cantonment. Soon, he was drawn to the Babbar Akali Movement, supplied arms and tried in the Babbar conspiracy case, but was acquitted.

72.        Ganga Singh s/o Wazir Singh, V. Kot Fatuhi (Hoshiarpur). He was arrested in Feb. 1922 for putting obstruction in the arrest of Master Mota Singh and was sentenced to 9 months rigorous imprisonment.


73.        Genda Singh,V. Sirhala Kalan (Hoshiarpur). He was involved in the Kiratpur murder case. He was arrested but was acquitted.

74.        Gujjar Singh, V. Dhapai (Ludhiana). He was tried in the Babbar Supplementary case II and was sent to the gallows on Feb. 27, 1927.

75.        Gurbachan Singh (1902) s/o Dalip Singh of Sadhara (Hoshiarpur). He was arrested on Apri122! 1923 and was imprisoned for 7 years in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case. His book on the Babbar Movement, "Babbar Akali" has reference value.

76.        Gurbachan Singh s/o Mali, V. Daulatpur (Jalandhar). He took part in the various actions of the Babbar Akalis against the toadies. The police failed to arrest him.

77.        Gian Singh s/o Hira Singh, V. Alowal (Amritsar). He was awarded life-sentence in the Babbar conspiracy case, Supplementary II.

78.        Gurdas Singh s/o Natha Singh, Kotli Bawa Dass (Hoshiarpur). He was tried in the Babbar conspiracy case, Supplementary II, but was acquitted.

79.        Gurdit Singh s/o Puran Singh, V. Alipur Gudde (Amritsar). He was sentenced to life imprisonment in the Babbar Supplementary II, on Feb. 28, 1926. He died in Multan Jail in 1933.

80.        Gurdit Singh Daler (July 1898) s/o Mangal Singh. V.

Mandhali (Jallandhar). He was an ex-soldier and took part in the Guru Ka Bagh, Bhai Pheru and Jaitu Morchas. He also remained the editor of Desh Sewak. He alongwith others, murdered Anup Singh of  Manko on June 21, 1936 and was sent to the gallows on August 10,1938.

81.        Harbans Singh (1906-44) s/o Khem Singh, V. Sirhala Khurad (Hoshiarpur). He took part in the Guru Ka Bagh Morcha He Was also arrested in connection with the Babbar Akali movement on 19th September 1923. He was tried in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case but was acquitted. During the World War II, he launched 'Yug Paltau Dal' and took to violent activities. Due to his involvement in the Kiratpur murder, he was sent to the gallows on April 3, 1944.

82.        Harbans Singh (1889) s/o Bhagat Singh, V. Chabbewal (Hoshiarpur). He took part in the Babbar Akali Movement and was imprisoned for 28 years u/ s 302,307 and 395 in May, 1923.

83.        Harbakhash Singh s/o Arjun Singh, V. Jassowal (Hoshiarpur). He was an active Babbar Akali. He was declared a political absconder and was arrested from Malerkotla in 1924. He was tried as an accused in the Babbar Conspiracy case, Supp1ementaIy II, but was acquitted on Feb. 27, i927.

84.        Hardit Singh (1895) s/o .Munsha, V. Jassowal (Hoshiarpur). He took part in the Babbar Akali movement. His 'Haveli' formed the venue of the first as well as fourth meeting of the Babbars. He took part in the dacoity committed at Jadla. He was arrested on April 22, 1923 and was sentenced to 7 years imprisonment in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case.

85.        Hari Singh s/o Dewa Singh, V. Dau1atpur, Nawan Shehar (Jalandhar). He was sentenced to 7 years in connection with the Jadla dacoity in  the Babbar conspiracy case.

86.        Hari Singh s/o Sher Singh, V. Sundh (Jalandhar). He was an ex-Ghadrite who actively supported the Babbar Akalis by murdering Bela Singh Zian on December 8, 1933. He was accompanied by Isher Singh of Jandoli and Sant Inder Singh of Murari.

87.        Hari Singh (1899) s/o Basant Singh, V. Chela (Hoshiarpur). He contributed poems to the 'Babbar Akali Doaba' Akhbar and was arrested on April 22, 1923. He was tried in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case but was acquitted.

88.        Hari Singh s/o Surjan Singh, V. Jassowal (Hoshiarpur). He was arrested in connection with the Babbar Akali movement on April 22, 1923. He died during the trial.

89.        Hamam Singh s/o Sindhu Singh, V. Pindori Nijjaran (Jalandhar). He was sentenced to 3 years in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case.

90.        Hamam Singh s/o Ralla Singh, V. Garhi Qunungoan (Hoshiarpur). He left army service after the Nankana holocaust. He took part in the Babbar Akali movement and was arrested on April 22, 1923 but was acquitted.

91.        Hira Singh s/o Sobha Singh, V. Chak Phula (Hoshiarpur). He was kept in the judicial lock-up during the Babbar Akali movement. He died in 1923.

92.        Hazara Singh s/o Attar Singh, V. Rurki Khas (Hoshiarpur). He helped Rattan Singh of Rakkar despite the police coellecion and was shot dead alongwith Rattan Singh Rakkar on July 15, 1932.

93.        Hukum Singh (1906) s/o Dewa Singh, V. Pindori Nijjaran (Jalandhar). He was tried in the Babbar Conspiracy case but was acquitted.

94.        Inder Singh (1895) s/o Basant Singh, V. Pindori Ganga Singh (Hoshiarpur). He was arrested during the Babbar Akali movement for the offence of giving shelter to the Babbar Akalis and was sentenced for 7 years.

95.        Ishar Singh slo Mewa Singh, V. Dichkot Manko (Lyallpur). He was sentenced to life in the Babbar conspiracy case, Supplementary II on February 27, 1927.

96.        Jaswant Singh s/o Sham Singh, V. Khusropur (Jalandhar). He helped the Babbar Akalis with arms and ammunitions. He was arrested in 1923, hired in the Babbar conspiracy case but was acquitted.

97.        Jagjit Singh s/o Dalip Singh, V. Kathar (Jalandhar).

He was arrested on September 29, 1923 for his activities during the Babbar Akali movement. He was called C.R.Dass of the Babbars. He was tried but was acquitted.

98.        Jawala Singh, V. Fatehpur Kothi (Hoshiarpur). He first served army and then took part in the non-cooperation movement and finally became a member of the Akali Dal. He took keen interest in the Babbar Akali movement. He was killed in an encounter with the police at Munder ( near Adampur, district Jalandhar) on December 12, 1923.

99.         Kabul Singh (Dec. 5, 1902) s/o Ralla Singh, V . Gobindpur (Jalandhar). He was imprisoned for the offence of holding a conference in the memory of the Babbar martyrs in 1928 in Kharaudi (Hoshiarpur).

100.   Karam Singh (1888) s/o Mala Singh, V. Mahil Baltoha (Hoshiarpur). He left military service to take part in the National movement. He took part in the Babbar Akali movement in 1923. He escaped from Kapurthala Jail. He was killed in an encounter with the police on July 23, 1943.

101.     Karam Singh (1880-1923) s/o Natha Singh, V. Daulatpur (Jalandhar). He joined the Sikh Regiment in 1898. After sometime, he became a religious recluse. Shortly afterwards, he went to Canada but was upset at the discrimination there. He came back to India and began to take part in the National Movement. When the Gurdwara Reform Movement started, he became very active in it. He soon took to militancy and brought out the Babbar Akali Doaba He was the moving force behind all the actions against the toadies. After the arrest of S. Kishan Singh Gargaj, he became the supreme leader of the Babbar Akalis. He fell a martyr to the Babbar cause in an encounter at Babeli on September 1, 1923.

102.   Karam Singh (1886-1938) s/o Duni Singh, V. Jhingar (Jalandhar). He was an immigrant from Canada. Back at home, he actively began to take part in the National movement as well as the Gurdwara Reform movement. He was nephew (Sister's son) of Baba Dalip Singh of Sadhara, Jathedar Nirwair Sewak Shahid Jatha Doaba. He became one of the prominent members of the Babbar Akali Jatha He was arrested on January 5, 1923 at the behest of his brother, Kehar Singh from his house. He was tried in the Babbar Conspiracy case and was sentenced to life. He died on April 8, 1938 at the time of his release from the jail.

103.    Karam Singh (1894) s/o Bhagwan Singh, V. Haripur (Jalandhar). He took part in the Gurdwara Reform movement. He arranged a conference in his village in 1922, which was attended by S. Kishan Singh Gargaj, Master Mota Singh and Kartar Singh Jhabbar. He was arrested on May 12, 1923 in connection with the murder of Genda Singh Ghurial. He was tried in the Babbar conspiracy case and was sent to the gallows on February 27, 1926.

104.    Karam Singh s/o Bhola Singh, V . Jassowal (Hoshiarpur). He was very active during the Gurdwara Reform movement and was one of the members of the jatha, which captured Anandpur Sahib under the leadership of Mula Singh Bahowal. He was arrested on April 22, 1923, tried in the Babbar conspiracy case and was acquitted.

105.    Kartar Singh s/o Achhru, V. Muzara Kalan (Jalandhar). He served in the army. He left service and took part in the Babbar Akali Movement. He was arrested and convicted for his participation in the Jadla dacoity and was sentenced to 7 years imprisonment.

106.    Kartar Singh s/o Bagga Singh, V. Domeli (Kapurthala). He helped the Babbar Akalis and was implicated in the Babbar Conspiracy case. He was sentenced to 7 years imprisonment.

107.    Kartar Singh s/o Basant Singh, V. Domeli (Kapurthala). He was an active supporter of the Babbar Akalis Karam Singh Babbar often stayed with him. He was arrested and tried in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case. He was awarded 7 years term of imprisonment.

108.    Kartar Singh s/o Surjan Singh, V. Gondpur (Hoshiarpur). He served 41st Sikh Regiment. He resigned service and became jathedar of the Akali Dal unit of his village. He was arrested on December 18, 1923 and was tried and sentenced to 14 years of rigorous imprisonment.

109.   Kartar Singh s/o Dewa Singh, V. Pindori Nijjran (Jalandhar). He participated in the Babbar Akali movement. He was arrested on April 21, 1923 and was tried in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case. He was sentenced to life on January 19, 1926.

110.   Kartar Singh s/o Suchet Singh, V. Pindori Nijjaran (Jalandhar). He was arrested in connection with the Babbar conspiracy case but was acquitted.

111.   Kartar Singh Kirti s/o Harnam Singh, V. Chak Bagarian. He served the Indian army but was dismissed due to his articles, critical of the government policies, published in the 'Kirti'. He was one of those who shot Anup Singh Manko dead on June 21, 1936. He was sent to the gallows on August 10, 1938.

112.   Kartar Singh, V. Jaspalon (Ludhiana). He made a bid to organize the Babbar Akali Jatha in the Malwa and was elected Jathedar in a meeting held at Sekha.  His plan did not succeed as some of his associates were arrested in 1929 and the police was able to locate

           their hideouts.                                                                           

113.   Kartar Singh, V. Chhiniwal (Sangrur). He was one of those Babbars who murdered S.G.M.Beaty. He was tried in this case but was acquitted.

114.   Kashmira Singh, V. Sabhraon (Lahore). He was arrested in connection with the Babar Akali conspiracy case, Supplementary II. He was acquitted as no offence could be proved against him.

115.    Kishan Singh (1891-1926) s/o Fateh Singh V.

Birring (Jalandhar). He joined the army and served 2/35 Sikhs. He was a devout Sikh and was deeply interested in baptising the Sikhs. He was discharged and a pension of Rs.22 / - was forfeited due to his alleged disloyalty. After the Nankana holocaust, he was elected Secretary of the Akali Dal in the Shahidi Diwan held at Nankana He took his charge on April 6, 1921. He, along with other militants, hatched a conspiracy to murder the government officials, but the whole scheme dashed to the ground. He became 'Chakarvarti' and floated his jatha in November, 1921. In August 1922, he was elected Jathedar of the Babbar Akali jatha He brought patriotic fervour in the Doaba with his 327 speeches. He enrolled about 1400 persons as members of the Akali Dal. He was arrested on February 26, 1923. He was tried in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case and was held responsible for all the actions of the Babbar Akalis. He was sent to the gallows on February 27, 1926. His name shines in the galaxy of patriots like Kartar Singh Sarabha, Bhagat Singh, Ras Behari Bose and Subhash Chander Bose. In patriotism he was second to none.

116.    Labh Singh s/o Suba Singh, V. Jassowal (Hoshiarpur). He was arrested on April 22, 1923 during the Babbar Akali movement. He was tried and sentenced to 14 years of imprisonment. His 'Sankhep Itihas Babbar Akali' and 'Bahadur-I-Sikhan (mss.) serve as reference-books for certain aspects of the Babbar Akali Movement.

117.    Labh Singh s/o Gujjar Singh, V. Randhawa Masandan (Jalandhar). He was arrested and tried in connection with the Babbar Akali conspiracy case, Supplementary II but was acquitted on the appeal in the High Court in 1927. Again, he was involved alongwith Sadhu Singh of Sandhara in connection with the murder of certain traitors and was tried and sent to the gallows on May 16, 1931.

118.    Labh Singh, V. Aklota (Una). A fugitive from the army, he became member of the 'Yug Paltau Dal' of Harbans Singh of Sirhala Khurd.

119.    Lakha Singh s/o Ganga Singh, V. Kot Fatuhi (Hoshiarpur). He was arrested on April 22, 1923 for his participation in the Babar Akali movement.

120.    Lal Singh s/o Gulab Singh, V. Raipur Rasulpur (Jalandhar). He was involved in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case, Supplementary II but was acquitted.

121.    Mann Singh s/o Hira Singh, V. Gobindpur (Gujranwala). He served in the Regiment No. 52. He resigned and became jathedar of the village Akali Dal. He was sentenced to life on January 19, 1926 for his participation during the Babbar Akali movement.

122.    Mann Singh, V. Barri (Sangrur). He was one of the important members of the Malwa Babbar Akali jatha He joined Riasti Parja Mandal after the failure of the Babbar movement.

123.    Mehar Singh s/o Nihal Singh (Hoshiarpur). He took part in the Babbar Akali activities at the tender age of 15.

124.    Mehnga Singh s/o Wasakha Singh, V. Pindori Nijjaran (Jalandhar). He took part in the Babbar Akali movement. He was sentenced to 5 years imprisonment in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case.

125.    Milkha Singh s/o Uttam Singh, V. Moranwali (Hoshiarpur). He was one of the members who took control of the Gurdwara Anandpur Sahib on January 12, 1923. He was arrested on September 2, 1923, tried and acquitted in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case.

126.   Milkha Singh (August 1905) s/o Gu1ab Singh, V. Pindori Nijjaran. He came under the spell of Jathedar Kishan Singh Gargaj, while still at School. He was arrested on April 21, 1923, tried and acquitted on February 19, 1926. He had been busy writing "Babbar Akali Sangarsh" on the basis of his memoirs as well as the valuable documentary record such as Paper Book Babbar Akali Conspiracy Case, Supplementary I and Babbar Conspiracy case Judgement 1925. He died on September 1, 1985 at Delhi. His manuscript was got published under the title Babbar Akali Lehar in 1986.

127.    Mota Singh (1881-1960) s/o Gopal Singh, V. Patara (Jallandhar). He was the founder-member of the S.G.P.C. He created an awakening among the Sikhs and aroused their wrath against the Mahants as well as the British. He had little faith in non-violence. He was involved in the First Akali conspiracy and as a result, his arrest warrants were issued. He left for Afghanistan on June 7, 1921. He came back and appeared on the occasion of the birthday of Sri Guru Nanak Devji at Nankana in November 1921. Under his guidance Sardar Kishan Singh floated Chakarvarti Jatha He delivered speeches in the diwans and the conferences and always gave a slip to the police. This happened on March 18, 1921 on the occasion of the Rurka Conference in district Jalandhar as well as Kot Fatuhi Conference (distt Hoshiarpur) on February 26, 1922.

He was arrested on June 16, 1922 and was imprisoned for 7 years. He was released on June 23, 1929. At that time, the Babbar Akali movement had been crushed in Doaba .

Later on he joined the Communist party and then the Indian National Congress. He died on January 2, 1960.

128.   Mula Singh. s/o Ram Singh, V. Plahi (Kapurthala). He took part in an unsuccessful attempt to murder the chaukidars and 1ambardars of Pindori Nijjaran. He was arrested on December 15, 1923, was tried in the Babbar conspiracy case and was sentenced to a term of 5 years.

129.   Mula Singh, Bahowal (Hoshiarpur). He was a staunch Akali who led the jatha, which took possession of the Gurdwara Anandpur Sahib on January 12, 1922. He was closely associated with Jathedar Kishan Singh for some time.

130.   Munsha Singh s/o Jathedar Singh, V. Samranwan (Jalandhar). He was sentenced to life in the Babbar conspiracy case, Supplementary II. He was transported to cellular jail Andaman-Nicobar islands where he died in jail.

131.    Munsha Singh s/o Bela Singh, V. Johal (Jalandhar).

He served Regiment No. 28. He became village jathedar when the Gurdwara Reform movement started and resigned service.

Be took part in the Babbar Akali movement. He was arrested on September 4, 1923, was tried and sentenced to 14 years in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case. His brother, Jawand Singh, had turned approver against him.

132.    Mohinder Singh s/o Labhu, V. Pindori Ganga Singh (Hoshiarpur). He served 47th Sikh Regiment, but was tried for his pro-Akali activities after the Nankana holocaust. He helped in the distribution of the 'Babbar Akali Doaba'. He fell a martyr, at Babeli, on September 1, 1923.

133.    Nand Singh (May 12, 1898 to February 27, 1926), s/o Ganga Singh, V. Ghurial (Jallandhar). He was an active Akali. He took part in the Guru Ka Bagh morcha He participated in the murder of Subedar Genda Singh of Ghurial. He was tried in the Babbar conspiracy case and was sent to the gallows on February 27, 1926.

134.    Narain Singh s/o Dasaundha Singh, V. Chattiwind (Amritsar). He was a Naik in 35 Sikhs. He helped Chakarvartis and was tried in the First Akali conspiracy case, Lahore. During the Babbar Akali movement he was arrested on October 19. 1923. He was tried but was acquitted.

135.    Naranjan Singh s/o Dalip Singh,- V. Sadhara (Hoshiarpur). He grievously assaulted Ram Singh of Mazara Kalan, who had turned approver in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case, in 1943 at Bachauri.

136.    Nikka Singh s/o Buta Singh, V. Alowal (Amritsar). He was sent to the gallows in the Babbar Akali Conspiracy case, Supplementary II, on February 27, 1927.

137.    Nikka Singh s/o Dhaunkal Singh, V. Gill (Ludhiana).

He was sent to the scaffold on February 27, 1927 in the Babbar Conspiracy case, Supplementary II.

138.    Nirmal Singh, V. Sarinh (Jalandhar). He was an associate of Harbans Singh of Sirhala, was involved in the Kiratpur murder case but was acquitted in April, 1944.

139.    Nirvair Singh s/o Santa Singh, V.Pindori Nijjaran (Jalandhar). He was tried in the Babbar conspiracy case, Supplementary II, but was acquitted.

140.    Pala Singh, V. Jaur Singhwala (Lahore). He was also implicated in the Babbar conspiracy case, Supplementary II, but was acquitted.

141.    Partap Singh s/o Lal Singh, V. Chhabilpur (Sialkot).

He was serving Regiment No.52  when he came under the spell of S. Kishan Singh Gargaj. He took part in the Babbar Akali movement. He was arrested on September 7, 1923; was tried and sentenced to life on January 19, 1926.

142.    Prem Singh s/o Pal Singh, V. Pragpur (Jalandhar).

He was arrested on May 12, 1923 for his participation in the Babbar Akali movement. He was tried for his complicity in the second attempt to kill Arjan Singh Patwari and was sentenced to 5 years.

143.    Piara Singh (1900) s/o Puran Singh, V. Dhamain (Hoshiarpur). He was involved in the murder of But a Singh Lambardar of Nanal Shamman, was tried and sentenced to life in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case.

144.    Ram Singh s/o Lal Singh, V. Muzara Kalan (Hoshiarpur). He served 25 Sikh Regiment. He left service and took part in the Babbar Akali Movement. He was tried for his involvement in the dacoity at Jadla and was sentenced to 7 years imprisonment.

145.    Rattan Sjngh (1899) s/o Jawahar Singh, V. Rakkar (Hoshiarpur), He came under the spell of S. Karam Singh Daulatpur. He was arrested but escaped from the police custody. He was killed on July 15, 1932 in an encounter with the police at Rurki Khas (Hoshiarpur) .

146.    Rattan Singh, V. Vein Poein (Amritsar). He was involved in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case Supplementary II and was acquitted.


147.   Rattan Singh s/o Hazara Singh, V. Singriwala (Hoshiarpur). He was a man of rare courage who stole away a mare and a gun from the bungalow of the Police Superintendent, Hoshiarpur. He was tried in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case for his complicity in the murder of Buta of Nangal Shamman (distt – Jalandhar). He was sentenced to life but was acquitted on an appeal in the High Court.

148.   Sadha Singh s/o Narain Singh, V. Pindori Nijjaran (Jalandhar). He took part in the Babbar Akali movement and was arrested. He died on December 29, 1924, during the trial.

149.   Sadhu Singh, V. Manak Dheri (Hoshiarpur). He was a member of Yug Paltau Dal of Harbans Singh of Sirhala

150.   Sadhu Singh s/o Taba Singh, V. Sandhara (Hoshiarpur). He was tried in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case Supplementary II, but was acquitted. After his acquittal, he murdered all those who had kidnapped wife of Surain Singh of Daulatpur as well as widow of Banta Singh of Dhamian to avenge the honour of the Babbars. He was arrested for these murders alogwoith Bhan Singh and Labh Singh both of Randhawa Masanda (Jalandhar), tried and sent to the gallows on May 16, 1931 in Jalandhar Jail.

151.   Shamsher Singh, V. Moranwali (Hoshiarpur). He was sent to the gallows for his alleged participation in the Kiratpur murder case, although he was quite innocent in the case. He was a member of the 'Yug Paltau Dal' of Harbans Singh of Sirhala

152.   Sardul Singh s/o Partap Singh, V. Burro Barrian (Hoshiarpur). He served Platoon No. 15 when the Gurdwara Reform movement started, he participated in it and was arrested for his involvement in the murder of Bishan Singh of Rani Thua and was sentenced to 5 years.

153.     Santa Singh (1900) s/o Suba Singh, V. Chhoti Herion (Ludhiana). He was a clerk in regiment No. 54. During his posting at Jalandhar cantonment, he came under the spell of S. Kishan Singh Gargaj. He left service in February, 1922. He took part in all the major actions against the toadies. The murder of Bishan singh of Rani Thua (Tehsil Phagwara distt Kapurthala) was his first salvo, which gave a new direction to the movement. He was elected Treasurer of the Babbar Akali Jatha In the later period of the movement he became its Secretary. He was arrested at Tapa railway station on June 20, 1923. He was tried in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case and was sentenced to death on February 28, 1925. He was sent to the gallows on February 27, 1926.

154.      Shiv Singh, V. Babeli (Kapurthala). He gave shelter and food to the Babbar Akalis. On August 31, 1923 Karam Singh 'Editor', Udey Singh of Ramgarh Jhuggian, Mohinder Singh of Pindori Ganga Singh and Bishan Singh of Mangat had stayed with him. He was arrested, tried and sentenced to 7 years in the Babbar conspiracy case on January 19, 1925.

155.     Shiv Singh s/o Gurdit Singh, V. Haripur (Jalandhar).

He took part in the XIII Sikh Education Conference, held at Hoshiarpur from March 25 to 27, 1921. He participated in the Babbar Akali movement. He was involved in two of the attempts made to kill Labh Singh of Dhadda He was tried and sentenced to 7 years in this case.

156.     Sunder Singh (January 18, 1890) s/o Karam Singh, V.

Lohke (Amritsar). He was tried in the Babbar Supplementary case II and was sent to the scaffold on February 27, 1927.

157.      Sunder Singh s/o Deva Singh, V. Khanpur Kulewal (Hoshiarpur). He helped the Babbar Akalis and was arrested for his involvement in the Babbar Akali movement. He was tried and acquitted.

158.     Sunder Singh (1891) s/o Natha Singh, V.

Makhsuspur (Hoshiarpur). He was right hand man of Jathedar Kishan Singh Gargaj. He was arrested on May 11, 1922. He was tried in the Babbar conspiracy case and was sentenced to life. His history of the 'Babbar Akali Lehar' despite its shortcomings remains an important source for any research scholar of the  movement.

159.    Sunder Singh slo Nand Lal, V. Kot Fatuhi (Hoshiarpur). He was arrested, tried and acquitted for his participation in the Babbar Akali movement.

160. Sunder Singh slo Sobha Singh, V. Hayatpur (Hoshiarpur). He served Platoon No. 32. He took part in the Gurdwara Reform movement and accompanied the Jatha, which took possession of the Gurdwara Anandpur Sahib on January 12, 1922. He was arrested on August 1, 1923 for his participation in the Babbar Akali movement. He died during the trial, on December 13, 1923.

161.    Surain Singh (1899) slo Thakar Singh, V. Daulatpur (Jalandhar). He was sentenced to life in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case Supplementary II. He also became a member of the 'Yug Paltau Dal' of Harbans Singh of Sirhala in the forties.

162.    Surain Singh, V. Kangmai (Hoshiarpur). He was sentenced to life in the Babbar Akali Conspiracy case, Supplementary II. He died in the cellular jail in Andaman­ Nicobar islands.

163.    Surain Singh slo Singh, V. Domeli (Kapurthala). He was an ex-soldier. He was arrested on September 9, 1923 for his involvement in an attempt to murder the chaukidars and 1ambardars of Pindori Nijjaran. He was tried in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case and was sentenced to 5 years imprisonment.

164.    Surjan Singh, slo Hamir Singh, V. Hayatpur (Hoshiarpur). He took part in the murder of Diwan of Hayatpur and was sentenced to life in this case. He died in jail.

165.    Teja Singh,V. Alowal (Amritsar). He was sentenced to life in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case, Supplementary II.

166.    Thakar Singh slo Achhar Singh, V. Daulatpur (Jalandhar). He took part in the dacoity committed at Jadla, was arrested and sentenced to 7 years in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case.

167.    Thakar Singh s/o Mihan Singh,_V. Pindori Nijjaran (Jalandhar). He was sentenced to 3 years in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case.

168.    Thakar Singh s/o Maya Singh, V. Ganeshpur Bharta ( Hoshiarour) He served Platoon No. 35 and helped the Babbar Akalis with arms and ammunitions. He was arrested and tried in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case. He was acquitted on February 28, 1925 but the Punjab government filed an appeal in the High Court. As a result of this appeal, he was sentenced to life on January 19, 1926.

169.    Thakur Singh s/o Gurmukh Singh, V. Mundial (Hoshiarpur). He lived in a Kutiya at Rajowal. The kutiya was an important resort of the Babbar Akalis. The Babbar Akali Jatha was launched in his kutiya and the 'Babbar Akali Akhbar' was also duplicated here. He was sentenced to life for his involvement in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case.

170.    Udey Singh s/o Hira Singh, V. Ramgarh Jhuggian (Hoshiarpur). He was a close associate of S. Karam Singh of Daulatpur. He fell a martyr at Babeli on September 1, 1923.

171.    Udham Singh (December 28, 1899 - July 31, 1940) s/o Tehal Singh, Sunam ( now Sunam Udham Singh Wala district Sangrur). He avenged the Jalianwala Bagh Tragedy by shooting Sir Michael O'Dwyer, dead on March 13, 1940, in London. He was inspired by the Babbar Akalis of Malwa as well as the 'Yug Paltau Dal' of Sant Inder Singh of Murari.

172.    Udham Singh s/o Ralla Singh, V. Pindori Nijjaran (Jalandhar). He was sentenced to 3 years for his involvement in the Babbar Akali conspiracy. He helped in the duplication of "Babbar Akali Akhbar".

173.    Udham Singh s/o Wasakba Singh, V. Kaulgarh (Hoshiarpur). He was arrested and tried due to his involvement in the Babbar Akali movement but was acquitted.

174.     Udham Singh, V. Sura-un-Nussi (Jalandhar). He was sentenced to life in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case, Supplementary II on February 28, 1926.

175.     Udham Singh s/o Gurdit Singh, V. Jandu Singha (Jalandhar). He left army service to take part in the Gurdwara Reform movement. He was elected a member of the S.G.P.C. He was arrested on September 21, 1923 for his participation in the Babbar Akali movement but was acquitted on February 28, 1925.        

176.     Ujjaggar Singh (1908-1980) s/o Munsha Singh, V.

Paniali Kalan (Hoshiarpur). He avenged the death of the Babbars by participating in the murder of Anup Singh Manko on June 21, 1936.

177.      Ujjagar Singh s/o Pritam Singh, V. Bisrampur (Jallandhar). He served platoon No. 59. During the Gurdwara Reform movement, he became an Akali. He participated in the second attempt to murder Labh Singh of Dhadda He was arrested and tried in the Babbar Akali Conspiracy case. He was sentenced to 7 years.

178.      Ujjagar Singh, V. Dhamian (Hoshiarpur). He was killed in an encounter with the police in 1942 near Tarntaran. He was a member of the "Yug Paltau Dal'" of Harbans Singh of Sirhala Khurd.

 

179.     Waryam Singh s/o Sawan Singh V. Daulatpur (Jalandhar). He took part in the dacoity committed at Jadla He was arrested in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case and was sentenced to 7 years.

180.     Waryam Singh, V. Dhugga (Hoshiarpur). He escaped the police net at Munder on December 12, 1924. He tried to revive the Babbar Akali movement in the Bar area He met his end at Chak No. 54 ( now in Pakistan) on June 8, 1924 due to the treachery of his relatives.

181.     Waryam Singh s/o Bhagwan Singh, V. Muzara Kalan (Jalandhar). He took part in the Jadla dacoity and was sentenced to 7 years in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case.

182.    Waryam Singh s/o Narain Singh, V. Kot Fatuhi (Hoshiarpur). He was arrested during the Babbar Akali movement. He died during the trial on December 29, 1924.

183.    Wattan Singh s/o Dewa Singh, V. Ganeshpur (Hoshiarpur). He was an active soldier in the army when he supplied the arms and ammunitions to the Babbar Akalis. He was tried in the Babbar Akali conspiracy case but was acquitted on February 28, 1925.

Source – Babbar Akali Movement – A Historical Survey by Dr. Gurcharan Singh Aulakh, published by National Book Shop, Chandani Chowk, Delhi 110006, Price Rs 300. 

Dedicated by author to the Memory of his only son Amandeep Singh Aulakh who breathed his last

On October 3, 1992, at Military Hospital, Dehradoon while undergoing training there at Indian Military Academy. A promising young and noble soul bubbling with patriotic fervour was cut short by the cruel hands of destiny.

 

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